We project many human idiosyncrasies onto our depictions of extra-terrestrial cultures. We assume they are run by governments like ours, fully equipped with advanced weapons of mass destruction. This opening chapter proposes that a highly advanced alien visitor might be ill-equipped to defend itself against the ferocious firepower that we have dedicated our wealth and technology to developing. Why do we assume that massive destructive power is the hallmark of an advanced, successful, and sustainable civilization? It is counter-logical.
The idea is put forward that a fully-fledged, intelligent and culturally sophisticated civilization might easily exist on some other planet without the need for a heavily armed state running it with police, jails, judiciary, and voluminous books of law. What we do on Earth is more likely to be the exception than the rule for those gifted with higher intelligence.